How to up Nextcloud 11 server on Debian 8 Jessie in 10 min
What is Nextcloud? Nextcloud is a forked by founder of ownCloud. Nextcloud move focus on apps as Calendar, Contacts, Documents, Video Chat, Email, and more.
I make package for Debian 8 Jessie for easy way of installation Nextcloud, in my example I use PostgreSQL database but supported is My SQL / MariaDB and SQLite by this repository.
Add Nextcloud Repository
Add the Nextcloud repository in the /etc/apt/sources.d/nextcloud.list
echo 'deb http://apt.jurisic.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nextcloud.list
Install release key of Nextcloud repository:
wget -q http://apt.jurisic.org/Release.key -O- | apt-key add -
And run apt-get update to download the list of packages.
Check out available Nextcloud packages
Let's check which packages we have for nextcloud now:
apt-cache search nextcloud
Choice database for Nextcloud
We can to use My SQL / MariaDB , PostgreSQL and SQLite, my choice is PostgreSQL but Nextcloud work excelent with other databases.
Install PostgreSQL and setup new user & database
Install PostgreSQL with:
apt-get install postgresql
The PostgreSQL package will install all required dependencies.
Choose "y" to start the installation.
Add a PostgreSQL database
The next step is to create a PostgreSQL database for nextcloud.
Login to PostgreSQL on the commandline by running this command:
su - postgres psql
Enter the following commands to create a database user with the name "nextuser" and and a database name "nextcloud". Replace the word "StorngPasswordHere" with your own password in the commands.
CREATE DATABASE nextcloud; CREATE USER nextuser WITH PASSWORD 'StorngPasswordHere'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON DATABASE nextcloud to nextuser;
Install Nextcloud server
Install Nextcloud server with:
apt-get install nextcloud-server
When the shell part of the installation is finished, proceed by opening the Nextcloud web installer in your browser. The URL is http://[YOURIP]/nextcloud. In my case the IP is 192.168.1.100 so I enter http://192.168.1.100/nextcloud in my browser to get the installer:
Enter the desired administrator username and password in the login fields. Please choose a secure password and also a username that is not "admin" or "administrator" might be a good choice to make it less easy for attackers to guess your admin login.
Nextcloud is using sqlite as storage engine by default. This is not a good choice performace wise, so I will choose PostgreSQL as database backend. We have created a PostgreSQL database above, enter the details of that database now:
- Username: nextuser
- Password: The password that you have choosen for the database.
- Database name: nextcloud
- Hostname: localhost
Then click on the button to finish the installation. You will get greeted with a welcome screen in your language.
Access Nextcloud with SSL (https)
The default installation of Nextcloud is not secured by SSL. To enable SSL in your webserver, run these commands:
a2enmod ssl a2ensite default-ssl service apache2 restart
Now you can access the web interface with https://[YOURIP]/nextcloud. You will probably get a SSL warning, this warning should be accepted. To avoid such warnings, get a free officially signed SSL certificate e.g. from Startssl (or check LetsEncrypt).