Nextcloud server on Debian 11 Bullseye
I build nextcloud-server package for three Debian release (stretch, buster and bullseye).
Steps for install:
1. Install database (in my example I use PostgreSQL):
apt-get install postgresql
2. Create database,user on database:
su - postgres psql CREATE DATABASE nextcloud; CREATE USER nextuser WITH PASSWORD 'HereSomeGoodPassword'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON DATABASE nextcloud to nextuser; \q
3. Add repository & keyring:
echo 'deb http://apt.jurisic.org/debian/ bullseye main contrib non-free' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jurisic.list wget -q http://apt.jurisic.org/Release.key -O- | apt-key add - apt-get install nextcloud-server
4. Enable ssl for apache2:
The default installation of Nextcloud is not secured by SSL. To enable SSL in your webserver, run these commands:
a2enmod ssl a2ensite default-ssl service apache2 restart
You will probably get a SSL warning, this warning should be accepted. To avoid such warnings, get a free signed SSL certificate from LetsEncrypt.
5. Nextcloud web installer:
When the shell part of the installation is finished, proceed by opening the Nextcloud web installer in your browser. The URL is http://[YOURIP]/nextcloud
Enter the desired administrator username and password in the login fields. Please choose a secure password and also a username that is not "admin" or "administrator" might be a good choice to make it less easy for attackers to guess your admin login.
Nextcloud is using sqlite as storage engine by default. This is not a good choice performace wise, so I will choose PostgreSQL as database backend. We have created a PostgreSQL database above, enter the details of that database now:
- Username: nextuser
- Password: The password that you have choosen for the database.
- Database name: nextcloud
- Hostname: localhost
Then click on the button to finish the installation. You will get greeted with a welcome screen.